Red Maitreya Temple

Right: the Red Maitreya temple is part of the monument zone formed by the Leh Palace (left), Gonpa Soma (center) and Chenrezi Lhakhang (the white, windowless building to the right behind the Maitreya temple).Romanian restorer Anca Nicolaescu in the Red Maitreya templeThe Red Maitreya temple (Byams pa dmar po) was built by king Tragspa Bumde (r. ca. 1400-1440). During the Dogra invasion of the 1840s it was damaged but restored soon after.

In the late 1950s, because of water damage to the north wall, the Ladakh Buddhist association rebuilt the main hall to smaller scale, leaving only the original north and west walls standing to form an outer corridor around a new and smaller Maitreya hall (around what is believed to be the original 15th century three-storey clay Maitreya image). The wall-paintings were painted over with white-wash at the time. The distinct red tower of the Maitreya temple and the white assembly hall building can be seen on the picture above right.

Documentation of the recovered 15th century paintings on the west wallIn late 2005, while surveying the building for some minor roof repair, project manager André Alexander rediscovered the 15th century wall-paintings underneath the white-wash. Together with Romanian restorer Anca Nicolaescu and students from the conservation department of the Technical University of Erfurt, the wall-paintings were successfully recovered and stabilized. THF and Erfurt have now formalized their cooperation with an MOU, and Erfurt will regularly supply students and equipment.
The 2007 team on the roof of the Red Maitreya templeRed Maitreya South Eelevation Drawing
In 2006-2007, restorer Anca Nicolaescu, six Erfurt conservation students, Hannah Pohle, Derya Pektas, Olga Emgrund, Jana Bulir, Jovana Glaß, Rebekka Ewert and Anke Jana Farnik, and Belgian student Sonia Cabela completed the recovery and conservation of the Red Maitreya temple's wall-paintings. In 2008, Anca Nicolaescu completed the final presentation of the main images in the north-west corner. A small exhbition about the work is under preparation.

Red Maitreya temple, south elevation, measured drawing by THF / Almarindo Lopes.

Restauration Red Maitreya TempleFour restoration students from Germany, one from Belgium and two from Ladakh worked with the professional Romanian restorer on scaffolding with three levels to uncover the 15th century murals.

Restauration Red Maitreya TempleLadakhi trainee Yangchen Dolma in her second year has learnt how to remove the thick, clay-based layer of white-wash without damaging the paintings.

Restauration Red Maitreya TempleBelgian student Sonia Cabela cleans detail of a Garuda image that forms the uppermost detail of the traditional painted throneback decoration of a large Buddha image.

Restauration Red Maitreya TempleThe work on the roof and on the wall-paintings was complimented by a restoration and reguilding of the three-storey tall clay Maitreya image sponsored by Mr. Ngawang Rigzin from Ladakh and executed by local artisans.

Restauration Red Maitreya TempleTHF master builder Jamyang Tarchin applies the traditional natural-pigment red colour to the outer sanctum walls of the temple.

Restauration Red Maitreya TempleThe recovered wall-paintings showing Mahakala and a dark-blue 11-faced Avalokiteshvara (left) and a large Buddha image with entourage (right).

Detail of recovered 15th century wall-painting on the north wall of the Red Maitreya temple: face of a Bodhisattva flanking the central Buddha image.

Redjamp BodfaceMahakala image on west wall, original condition with 1950s paintcoat.

Mahakala on west wall, original conditionMahakala image after cleaning, stabilization and filling of cracks

Mahakala, after cleaning, stabilization and filling of cracksMahakala, final presentationMahakala image, final presentation

Copyright, Tibet Heritage Fund