}D-s-gRoG-KYer-gYi-Go-{;Qod-mdor-b{9Us/


deG-rbs-cn-gYi-dUs-{2bs/

ffgRoG-KYer-gYi-aPel-~#Xs/

Pe-Tig-gis-1948lor-~Oog-Zib-bYs-p-}8r-n/f {2bs-der-}D-s-gRoG-KYer-gYi-dkYil-dbus-su-h-lm-bzo-
bkod-
600-}Dg-yod-p-dG-/f (gRoG-KYer-{;Xir-900-yod) mi-abor-KRi-gsum-ys-ms/f deG-gi-dUs-su-
}D-s-l-mi-abor-abum-bZi-sLebs-yod-p-m-zd/f gZUG-lm-dG-bcu-Tog-yn-gYi-KG-b~0egs-K-Ss/
deG-rbs-cn-gYi-{3Qig-Cs-mG-po/f dq-KG-l-sogs-mG-po-yod/f ls-k-bvl-sL-b-dG-yoG-abb-
mTo-b/f sLob-gso-dG-{@n-bcos-bYed-bde-po-yod-p-bcs-l-b~Oen/f }D-sai-m-yin-pai-bod-mi-mG-
po-der-yoG-b-dG-mJm-dU-ZiG-Cen-gZn-ns-kYG-mi-mG-po-adir-yoG-gin-gda/f adi-ls-gRoG-
KYer-adi-aPel-~#Xs-agRo-bZin-yod-p-gsl-por-mVon/

PYir-log-p/
ffmKr-`7iG-gi-KYd-Cos/

deG-{2bs-mKr-`7iG-ni-gLiG-{2or-bYG-lm-dG-/f Sr-lm/f }Do-lm/f nUb-PYogs-kYi-~(o-seG-ge-lm-dG-
bcs-l-zer-ZiG/f {;Xi-le-gRU-bZi-m-
1.3-zin-yod/f lo-adi-kai-riG-gRoG-KYer-l-aPel-~#Xs-Cen-po-bYUG-
yG-/f mKr-`7iG-l-{4on-gYi-KYd-Cos-}9n-te/f bzo-bkod-kYi-Td-ns-gZn-dG-mi-adq-br-Vegs-dm-
por-Cgs-adUgf

gna-dUs-kYi-SUl-bZg-yin-pai-mKr-`7iG-l-gZn-dG-mi-mTun-pai-go-gns-yod-de/f dkYil-dU-zs-
rig-VoG-KG-dG-KRom-r-Cgs-p-l/f bYG-PYogs-su-ls-KuGs-mG-po-dG-sRid-gZUG-gi-gZUG-don-KG-
bvugs-yod/f gZn-yG-}D-KG-
17-dG-/f {@n-KG-2/f sLob-CuG-aga/f Vgs-pr-KG-/f gLog-b`7n-
KG/f je-mG-dU-agRo-bZin-yod-pai-z-KG-dG-mgRon-KG-bcs-Vud-yod-p-m-zd/

sRid-gZUG-gis-Je-Cr-gRoG-KYer-gYi-{;Xi-{;Xod-KG-gns-gvo-bo-yG-adi-ru-axugs-~#X_-yin-p-gtn-abebs-
bYs/f gRoG-KYer-jus-agod-mKn-Vos-{;Xi-{;Xod-KG-gns-gvo-bo-mKr-`7iG-dU-axugs-p-l/f dG-po-jo-
KG-gi-mTa-b{2or-ni-mi-Vogs-adUs-s-yin-p-dG-/f gJis-ni-}D-s-luG-pai-s-gZn-ni-mi-{3er-dG-
sRid-gZUG-mJm-{?Qel-bYs-ns-axugs-{2Q_n-bYed-bZin-yod-p/f de-mi-Vd-mi-mG-Ce-bs-mKr-`7iG-gi-
Je-aKor-dU-KG-p-Jo-~#X_-dG-gLs-~#X_r-dga-po-yod-p-~#X_-mVn-dU-bYs-p-yin/f
(gvo-bo-ni-jo-KG-dG-
sLob-gR]f VoG-rW-bcs-l-Tg-Je-bs-so/
)

mi-gRGs-je-mG-dU-agRo-bZin-yod-pr-dmigs-ns-axugs-{2Q_n-cuau-yis-sRid-jus-gsr-p-gtn-
abebs-bYs-te/f bzo-bkod-`7iG-p-dg-bSig-ns-bZi-Tog-cn-gYi-KG-b~0egs-bzos-p-dG-/f deai-
{2or-Zig-l-bod-kYi-bzo-rig-KYd-Cos-}9n-pr-bZeGs/f yin-yG-/f adi-lg-b{8r-bYUG-bai-~%es-su-
mKr-`7iG-gi-mi-gRGs-lo-bcuai-riG-l-}9b-agYUr-gYis-je-mG-dU-soG/f d-}8-Vod-dpg-bYs-p-}8r-n/
KRi-}4r-sLebs-adUg
(mG-Ce-b-ni-bod-mi-yin)gRoG-KYer-yoGs-kYG-abum-bZi-l-Je/

PYir-log-p/
ffgtor-bSig-Tebs-bZin-pai-bzo-bkod-`7iG-p/

1993lo-ns-bzuG-lo-rer-C-{7oms-su-bzo-bkod-`7iG-p-35-re-gtor-
bSig-agRo-bZin-n-yod-p-dG-/f gl-te-adi-bZin-mu-mTud-dU-gtor-
bSig-soG-n-SUl-lus-bzo-{2Q_n-dg-lo-gsum-ns-bZiai-br-med-brLgs-
su-agRo-Ges/f de-bs-sRid-gZUG-l-{2Ul-aded-kYis-lg-b{8r-bYed-bZig-
pai-aCr-gZi-l-yG-b{2Xr-gRos-mol-bYs-p-b~#X_d/f gRoG-KYer-gYi-aPel-
~#Xs-dG-SUl-lus-bzo-{2Q_n-sRUG-{2Xob-bYed-~#X_-gJis-kr-Pn-pai-Tbs-
lm-Zig-ls/f mig-{4r-gYi-aPel-PYogs-adi-bkg-agog-bYed-p-ni-G-Voai-
dmigs-yul-Ko-n-yin/


Gos-goG-m/ | PYir-log-p/ | Gos-aog-m/
Gos-gvo/ »  }D-s/ »  }D-s-gRoG-KYer-gYi-Go-{;Qod-mdor-b{9Us-Sog-Gos-gsum-p/
pr-gZi-bod-}6oGs-rig-gns-aPel-~#Xs-kUn-mTun-Tebs-~0-}Dn-Vogs-(THF)l-dbG-/